Kinkakuji is widely known as the Golden Pavilion and is a three-story Zen Buddhist temple in northern Kyoto. Built during the 13th century, Kinkakuji and Ginkakuji (Silver Pavillion) were originally meant to be aristocrat villas for the Ashikaga shoguns. Now, the building is also known by the name Rokuonji.
Being a Zen Temple, Kinkakuji houses several important Buddhist relics and is a sacred place for the Rinzai-sect of Japanese Buddhism. Unlike its counterpart Ginkakuji, Kinkakuji's exterior is actually plated with gold. Each floor of the temple conveys a different architectural style — the first-floor being of Shinden style, the second-floor being Bukke style, and the third-floor being of Chinese Zen style. As a result, it became one of the most photogenic temples in all of Kyoto.
The temple building used to be the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu's retirement villa. After his passing in 1408, he willed the building to be given to the Rinzai sect to serve as a Zen temple. Its silver counterpart Ginkakuji was built for a similar reason — as a retirement villa for Yoshimitsu's grandson, Ashikaga Yoshimasa. The Kinkakuji temple grounds used to consist of several other buildings, but have since unfortunately burnt down during fires and destruction that raged during the Onin War in the 1400s. The building you see standing today was also rebuilt in 1955.
City Bus Stop Kinkakuji-mae / City Bus Stop Kingaku-ji-michi
Kitano Tenmangū is a Shinto shrine in Kamigyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan. [Wikipedia]
Ryoanji Temple is home to Japan’s most famous Zen stone garden and one of Kyoto’s most iconic scenes. Believed to be built back in the Muromachi period (14th - 16th century), the origin and designer of the garden is still unknown to this day. The stones in the garden are intentionally placed so that one cannot view all 15 stones from any one angle. The meticulous design of this karesansui (Japanese rock garden) leads many to credit the celebrated artist, Soami, as the garden’s creator—albeit unproven. The 248-square meter garden bears little trace of greenery, and is instead immaculately lined with raked white gravel. The seemingly random placement of the stones adds to the mystique of Ryoan-ji, its abstract layout leaving visitors questioning the meaning and purpose of the garden. While the garden remains a mystery, the history of Ryoanji Temple is well documented. The temple buildings were originally a Heian Period villa, and were converted into a Zen temple in 1450. Now, Ryoanji is part of the Myoshin-ji school in the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism. In 1994, Ryoanji’s immaculate zen stone garden was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is also designated as a Historic Monument of Ancient Kyoto.
Ninna-ji Temple was founded in 888 and is a Buddhist temple in northeast Kyoto that is closely associated with the imperial family of Japan. It is the main temple of the Omuro school of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. There are many Omuro School temples throughout Japan and many priests from these temples come to Ninna-ji to attend Buddhist services and to study and train in the main temple of their sect. Ninna-ji Temple is known not only for the building itself, but also for its prime location as a viewpoint for the late cherry blossom. He also has a beautiful Japanese garden from which you can see the famous five-story pagoda. Behind Ninna-ji Temple is the Omuro Pilgrimage, a shorter version of the Shikoku pilgrimage. This route can be covered in about two hours on foot, but is believed to have the same meaning as the Shikoku pilgrimage.